Table of contents

  1. User related
    1. Add or Remove User
    2. Add a User to Sudoer List
  2. Cron Jobs Log
  3. Monitoring Processes (ps command)
  4. System Update
    1. Apt
    2. Apt Cache
    3. Install Using DPKG
    4. Unattended Auto Upgrade
  5. File Transfer
    1. Rsync
      1. Transfer Updated Files Over SSH

User related

sudo -u nobody bash Change the user to a desired name with a desired shell.

Add or Remove User

Add user with a home directory: sudo adduser --home /home/rohit rohit
Delete user: sudo deluser rohit

Add a User to Sudoer List

usermod -a -G sudo rohit

Cron Jobs Log

grep CRON /var/log/syslog

Monitoring Processes (ps command)

More information at (

ps -eo user,pid,ppid,cmd,%mem,%cpu --sort=-%mem | head # Top running processes by highest memory usage.
ps -eo user,pid,ppid,cmd,%mem,%cpu --sort=-%cpu | head # Top running processes by highest cpu usage.
kill -9 2583 2584 # Kill a process using its PID.

System Update


To update and install packages.
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install
sudo apt-get install vsftpd=2.3.5-3ubuntu1 # Install specific version of the package.
sudo apt-get remove vsftpd # Remove package without removing configuration.
sudo apt-get purge vsftpd # Completely remove package along with its configuration.
sudo apt-get remove --purge vsftpd # Can combine both remove and purge.
sudo apt-get clean # Delete downloaded .deb files.
sudo apt-get autoclean # Delete all .deb files.
sudo apt-get check # Check for broken dependencies.

Apt Cache

To query apt package list.
apt-cache pkgnames # List all available packages.
apt-cache search vsftpd # Search for a particular package.
apt-cache pkgnames vsftpd # List all the packages starting with a particular name.
apt-cache show netcat # Check package information.
apt-cache showpkg vsftpd # Check dependencies of a particular package.

Install Using DPKG

sudo dpkg -i package_with_unsatisfied_dependencies.deb
sudo apt-get -f install

Unattended Auto Upgrade

sudo apt-get install unattended-upgrades
sudo dpkg-reconfigure unattended-upgrades

File Transfer


Transfer Updated Files Over SSH

rsync -h -v -r -P -t remoteuser@remotehost:/foo/bar /foo/bar